ROLE OF EUROPEAN MOBILITY AND ITS IMPACTS IN NARRATIVES, DEBATES AND EU REFORMS

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Impacts and Particularities of Care Migration Directed towards Long-term Care: Zooming in on Slovakia and Romania

April 3, 2018

Literature Review

Long-term care for the elderly and disabled – including the provision of such care in Western European countries by migrants from Central and Eastern Europe – has recently become a central concern in a variety of academic fields ranging from migration studies to social policy research. This literature review, which is the first piece of work of work package 6, looks at the home care industry and the provision of such care by migrants in private households.

Focusing on two receiving countries – Austria and Italy – and their respective sending countries -Slovakia and Romania, the authors provide a comprehensive literature review and highlight cross-national variations in terms of care migration. Apart from factors such as historical ties and geographic proximity, the migration time-span is influenced by the characteristics of long-term care systems in receiving countries and by formal and informal labour arrangements. As a result, Slovakia supplies short-term circular migrants while Romania exhibits more-diverse patterns.

The piece predicts that due to its extensive growth, care migration is expected to have a great effect on sending countries such as Slovakia and Romania. Whilst the impact of care migration on sending countries, in particular with regards to the phenomenon of ‘care drain’, has been widely studied, its effects on institutional responses in the European context have been neglected and government responses have been slow.

Latest Tweets

Excited to be here too! Will be talking about the @EU_REMINDER project and the great new web tool the team is developing for reporters and policy makers to understand European migration issues (which you navigate like a 1980s “choose your own adventure” book). https://t.co/gTcupu7Upc

While emigration has brought certain advantages to mobile eastern Europeans, it can strain origin countries
This @MPI_Europe webchat will examine new evidence from the @EU_REMINDER project on different types of East-West mobility

↪️ https://t.co/baeeCOgXQf

Want to hear about recent insights on forms of East-West EU mobility, challenges & opportunities for sending countries, and policy options to make free movement more sustainable? Join our @MPI_Europe webinar on Thursday! @EU_REMINDER @ICMPD https://t.co/egtte2yRA1

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