The REMINDER project produces a suite of written materials and activities to disseminate project results. Here you can access the latest literature reviews, reports, working papers and policy briefings.
Despite the growing body of literature on the labour market impacts of immigration, evidence remains mixed and inconclusive, and additional case studies are necessary to clarify when and why impacts are positive or negative for native populations. In this report, the authors explore the impact of immigration on the likelihood of natives claiming unemployment benefits in Germany — the country which is, by some standards, the main migrant receiving country in Europe.
As barriers to labour mobility within the EU have been lifted for migrants from Central and Eastern Europe, repeat and circular migration have become more common. However, not much is known about who is involved in this form of mobility. In the case of Poland, a significant number of those who migrated during the post-accession period have since returned, but research on how this migration effects re-integration into the Polish labour market has so far been limited. This paper aims to build a better understanding of this issue, based on census and Labour Force Survey data, and Central Statistical Office estimates.
Surprisingly little is known about why people migrate within the EU. While existing studies in the area have tended to focus on migration for reasons of employment, there is a growing push to understand the diversity of migrational factors, for example factors relating to family or education. This working paper seeks to build a better understanding of what drives contemporary migration flows, and of the factors shaping the migration decisions of individuals within the EU.
This working paper aims to map the patterns and dynamics of migration within the EU of individuals of EU28 origin as well as those from outside the region. The descriptive analysis is based on existing data, largely drawn from Eurostat’s online database on population statistics. This data allows the mapping of intra EU-migration patterns and dynamics during the last four years. As well as analysing EU28-wide stocks and flows, the paper zooms in to explore intra-EU migration for five of the key migration countries within the EU28: Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and the UK.
Debates about the fiscal impacts of intra-EU migration have often focused on the consequences of granting migrant workers unrestricted access to the welfare programs of the host country. This working paper compares different welfare regimes across Europe, and studies how the net fiscal impact of EU migrant households differs across these regimes. The authors do not find any evidence to support the common idea that migrants generate greater fiscal burdens in more generous welfare states.
There has been increasing recent debate on whether and to what extent certain sectors of the immigrant population, e.g. undocumented immigrant and mobile EU workers, should get access to welfare benefits and public services. This paper explores a reform that was introduced in Spain in 2012 in order to shed light on this issue.
This working paper provides an overview and descriptive analysis of key indicators of national labour markets and welfare states in the European Union. The discussion of labour market indicators uses standard variables and “off-the-shelf” data provided by Eurostat and the OECD, and the overview of national welfare states draws on a range of indicators specifically coded for the REMINDER project and compiled into a new dataset called “Social Protection in Europe Database”. The working paper supports two different work packages within REMINDER by providing institutional and other indicators to be used in subsequent analyses.
Wealthier Western European countries employ care workers from Eastern European countries to satisfy the increasing need for care of their ageing populations. This paper examines the perceived impacts of care work mobility and institutional responses in Romania and Slovakia.
Along the borders between the “old“ and the ”new” EU, where sizeable differences in income and economic development persist, cross-border commuting and other forms of economically based cross-border relations have become increasingly relevant. This working paper analyses the perceptions of experts and civil servants of the effects of Eastern European enlargement in the Austrian-Hungarian and the Austrian-Slovak border regions with a particular focus on the labour market and the education sector.
This is the last in a series of three papers looking at the practices of media in the reporting of migration and intra-EU mobility in a set of EU member states: Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the UK.
The paper explores to what extent European citizens distinguish between immigration from within and outside Europe, and looks at whether specific concerns related to the effects of immigration on welfare and public finances play a role in these differences.
To understand public opinion about immigration in Europe, one has to understand the media’s role in it. We present a literature review on research on media discourse on immigration and their effects. Despite differences in the way immigration and migrant groups are represented in European media, we can observe common patterns. Migrants are generally under-represented […]
The Member States of the European Union (EU) have been engaged in highly divisive debates about whether and how to reform the rules for the ‘free movement’ of EU workers and their access to national welfare states. While some countries have argued for new restrictions on EU workers’ access to welfare benefits, many others have […]
This working paper provides a theoretical framework for an institutional analysis of why some EU Member States have called for more restricted access for EU workers to welfare benefits whilst others have not.
The paper aims to develop a clearer understanding of the commercial, institutional, practical, and technical factors that affect news production and shape media narratives and frames around EU mobility.
This paper of work package 9 analyses public opinion on free movement in Europe, specifically looking at geographical differences between EU countries. The authors find that attitudes toward free movement are most positive in Eastern European countries (Hungary, Poland, most positive in Romania). In contrast, the UK is the only country with overall negative attitudes […]
This working paper from work package 4 is the first large cross-country estimation of the fiscal effects of migration of EU citizens within the EEA (European Economic Area). The vast majority of EEA countries – 21 out of 29 – saw positive net fiscal impacts during 2004-2015, receiving more in taxes and other contributions from […]
This literature review of work package 3 provides an overview of the existing empirical literature that helps understand the factors and considerations driving mobility within the European Union. First, cross-national studies are considered to grasp the overall picture; second, an in-depth analysis of five focus countries – Germany, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Italy, and Spain […]
Still lots of time to enter the annual COMPAS photo competition. This years theme is Migration and the City. Please have a look at our new guidelines for submission, and please share! #migration #photocomps #inclusivecities
Now on the website: @e_arenasarroyo, @Osea82 and @CVar_Sil explore how immigration impacts upon the likelihood of people claiming unemployment benefits in one of the EU's biggest receivers of migrants, Germany 👇👇@COMPAS_oxford https://t.co/jeFvpRqYKB