The REMINDER project produces a suite of written materials and activities to disseminate project results. Here you can access the latest literature reviews, reports, working papers and policy briefings.

  • Literature reviews – overview of significant literature published in the area of research
  • Working papers – elaboration of conceptual and empirical findings
  • Policy analysis – in-depth analysis papers of key policy areas
  • Policy briefings – short, accessible documents drawing out key findings for nontechnical audiences
  • Reports – synthesis of results and findings
  • Journal articles – overview of journal articles based on REMINDER research
  • Data – click here to access research data generated by the REMINDER project, via the Austrian Social Science Data Archive

Immigration and Unemployment Benefits: Evidence from Germany

Working Paper

Despite the growing body of literature on the labour market impacts of immigration, evidence remains mixed and inconclusive, and additional case studies are necessary to clarify when and why impacts are positive or negative for native populations. In this report, the authors explore the impact of immigration on the likelihood of natives claiming unemployment benefits in Germany — the country which is, by some standards, the main migrant receiving country in Europe. 

Impacts of Return Migration in Poland

Working Paper

As barriers to labour mobility within the EU have been lifted for migrants from Central and Eastern Europe, repeat and circular migration have become more common. However, not much is known about who is involved in this form of mobility. In the case of Poland, a significant number of those who migrated during the post-accession period have since returned, but research on how this migration effects re-integration into the Polish labour market has so far been limited. This paper aims to build a better understanding of this issue, based on census and Labour Force Survey data, and Central Statistical Office estimates. 

Evidence of the Determinants of Migration in the EU

Working Paper

Surprisingly little is known about why people migrate within the EU. While existing studies in the area have tended to focus on migration for reasons of employment, there is a growing push to understand the diversity of migrational factors, for example factors relating to family or education. This working paper seeks to build a better understanding of what drives contemporary migration flows, and of the factors shaping the migration decisions of individuals within the EU.

Patterns of Migration in the European Union

Working Paper

This working paper aims to map the patterns and dynamics of migration within the EU of individuals of EU28 origin as well as those from outside the region. The descriptive analysis is based on existing data, largely drawn from Eurostat’s online database on population statistics. This data allows the mapping of intra EU-migration patterns and dynamics during the last four years. As well as analysing EU28-wide stocks and flows, the paper zooms in to explore intra-EU migration for five of the key migration countries within the EU28: Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and the UK.

National Institutions and the Fiscal Effects of EU Migrants

Working Paper

Debates about the fiscal impacts of intra-EU migration have often focused on the consequences of granting migrant workers unrestricted access to the welfare programs of the host country. This working paper compares different welfare regimes across Europe, and studies how the net fiscal impact of EU migrant households differs across these regimes. The authors do not find any evidence to support the common idea that migrants generate greater fiscal burdens in more generous welfare states.

Effects on utilisation, health and user satisfaction when access to health care is limited

Working Paper

There has been increasing recent debate on whether and to what extent certain sectors of the immigrant population, e.g. undocumented immigrant and mobile EU workers, should get access to welfare benefits and public services. This paper explores a reform that was introduced in Spain in 2012 in order to shed light on this issue.

Indicators of Labour Markets and Welfare States in the European Union

Working Paper

This working paper provides an overview and descriptive analysis of key indicators of national labour markets and welfare states in the European Union. The discussion of labour market indicators uses standard variables and “off-the-shelf” data provided by Eurostat and the OECD, and the overview of national welfare states draws on a range of indicators specifically coded for the REMINDER project and compiled into a new dataset called “Social Protection in Europe Database”. The working paper supports two different work packages within REMINDER by providing institutional and other indicators to be used in subsequent analyses.

The Perceived Impacts of Care Mobility on Sending Countries and Institutional Responses: Healthcare, Long-term Care and Education in Romania and Slovakia

Working Paper

Wealthier Western European countries employ care workers from Eastern European countries to satisfy the increasing need for care of their ageing populations. This paper examines the perceived impacts of care work mobility and institutional responses in Romania and Slovakia.

The Effects of Immigration on Welfare Across the EU: Do Subjective Evaluations Align with Estimations?

Working Paper

This paper examines citizens’ perceptions of the impact of immigration on public finances.

Cross-Border ‘mobilities’ in the Austrian-Hungarian and Austrian-Slovak Border Regions

Working Paper

Along the borders between the “old“ and the ”new” EU, where sizeable differences in income and economic development persist, cross-border commuting and other forms of economically based cross-border relations have become increasingly relevant. This working paper analyses the perceptions of experts and civil servants of the effects of Eastern European enlargement in the Austrian-Hungarian and the Austrian-Slovak border regions with a particular focus on the labour market and the education sector.

Immigration and the reallocation of work health risks

Journal Article

This paper studies the effects of immigration on the allocation of occupational physical burden and work injury risks.

Comparative report on cross-country media practices, migration, and mobility


This is the last in a series of three papers looking at the practices of media in the reporting of migration and intra-EU mobility in a set of EU member states: Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the UK.

Public Attitudes Toward EU Mobility and Non-EU Immigration: A Distinction with Little Difference

Working Paper

This paper looks at why some Europeans support immigration from within the EU while rejecting immigration from elsewhere.

Immigration and the Reallocation of Work Health Risks

Working Paper

This working paper studies the effects of immigration on the allocation of occupational physical burden and work injury risks.

Europeans’ Attitudes To Immigration From Within And Outside Europe: A Role For Perceived Welfare Impacts?

Working Paper

The paper explores to what extent European citizens distinguish between immigration from within and outside Europe, and looks at whether specific concerns related to the effects of immigration on welfare and public finances play a role in these differences.

The European media discourse on immigration and its effects: a literature review

Journal Article

To understand public opinion about immigration in Europe, one has to understand the media’s role in it. We present a literature review on research on media discourse on immigration and their effects. Despite differences in the way immigration and migrant groups are represented in European media, we can observe common patterns. Migrants are generally under-represented […]

Institutional contexts of political conflicts around free movement in the European Union: A theoretical analysis

Journal Article

The Member States of the European Union (EU) have been engaged in highly divisive debates about whether and how to reform the rules for the ‘free movement’ of EU workers and their access to national welfare states. While some countries have argued for new restrictions on EU workers’ access to welfare benefits, many others have […]

The effects of immigration on NHS waiting times

Journal Article

This paper analyzes the effects of immigration on waiting times for the National Health Service (NHS) in England.

Understanding the political conflicts around free movement in the European Union: A conceptual framework for an institutional analysis

Working Paper

This working paper provides a theoretical framework for an institutional analysis of why some EU Member States have called for more restricted access for EU workers to welfare benefits whilst others have not.

Indicators of normative attitudes in Europe: Welfare, the European Union, Immigration and Free Movement

Working Paper

This working paper looks at European citizens’ normative attitudes on the welfare state and work, European identity/citizenship and the EU, immigration and free movement.

Media practices related to migration and intra-EU mobility in the EU-10 Member States

Working Paper

This paper presents findings on how the media cover issues of mobility and migration in four Central/Eastern European countries, including in Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Slovenia.

Media practices related to migration and intra-EU mobility in the EU-15 Member States

Working Paper

The paper aims to develop a clearer understanding of the commercial, institutional, practical, and technical factors that affect news production and shape media narratives and frames around EU mobility.

Perceptions of the Impact of Immigration and Attitudes Towards Free Movement Within the EU: A Cross-National Study

Working Paper

This paper of work package 9 analyses public opinion on free movement in Europe, specifically looking at geographical differences between EU countries. The authors find that attitudes toward free movement are most positive in Eastern European countries (Hungary, Poland, most positive in Romania). In contrast, the UK is the only country with overall negative attitudes […]

Monitoring migration within the EU with existing data

Literature Review

This paper provides an overview of the main databases available to understand mobility within the EU. It maps existing data sources and evaluates their usefulness and quality.

Impacts and Particularities of Care Migration Directed towards Long-term Care: Zooming in on Slovakia and Romania

Literature Review

This literature review looks at the home care industry and the provision of such care by migrants in private households.

The fiscal effects of EU migration

Working Paper

This working paper from work package 4 is the first large cross-country estimation of the fiscal effects of migration of EU citizens within the EEA (European Economic Area). The vast majority of EEA countries – 21 out of 29 – saw positive net fiscal impacts during 2004-2015, receiving more in taxes and other contributions from […]

Determinants of migration flows within the EU

Literature Review

This literature review of work package 3 provides an overview of the existing empirical literature that helps understand the factors and considerations driving mobility within the European Union. First, cross-national studies are considered to grasp the overall picture; second, an in-depth analysis of five focus countries – Germany, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Italy, and Spain […]

Media Effects on Attitudes toward Migration and Mobility in the EU: A Comprehensive Literature Review

Literature Review

Work package 9 provides an overview of how various facets of news representations of EU mobility affect the perception of and attitudes toward EU mobility and related concepts.

Discourses on Intra-EU Mobility and Non-EU Migration in European Media Coverage: A Comprehensive Literature Review

Literature Review

Work package 8 presents an overview of how intra-EU mobility and non-EU migration into Europe are portrayed in media coverage in European countries.

Latest Tweets

Still lots of time to enter the annual COMPAS photo competition. This years theme is Migration and the City. Please have a look at our new guidelines for submission, and please share! #migration #photocomps #inclusivecities

Now on the website: @e_arenasarroyo, @Osea82 and @CVar_Sil explore how immigration impacts upon the likelihood of people claiming unemployment benefits in one of the EU's biggest receivers of migrants, Germany 👇👇@COMPAS_oxford

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